Feel overwhelmed when you want to buy skin moisturizer for your dry skin? That’s no surprise, as there are dozens to choose from at the drugstore and hundreds more at high-end cosmetics and department stores — creams, lotions, ointments, some with sunscreen, others with an exfoliant. Choices range from the basic $1.50 jar of petroleum jelly to a $500 five-ounce tub of designer skin moisturizer. And all the options in between can make your head spin.
While choosing the right skin moisturizer may seem confusing, it’s actually very simple if you follow a few guidelines, says dermatologist Monica Halem, MD, of ColumbiaDoctors Eastside in New York City. Dr. Halem’s first rule of thumb? Don’t spend too much money.
How a Skin Moisturizer Works
Cleansers and moisturizers are the most important skin products, particularly for softening dry skin. A skin moisturizer works by sealing moisture into the outer layer of the skin and by pulling moisture from the inner layers of skin to the outer layer.
Key ingredients that seal in moisture are petrolatum, mineral oil, lanolin, and dimethicone. Glycerin, propylene glycol, proteins, urea, and vitamins help
Hair normally grows out of a pore called a follicle. An ingrown hair occurs when the tip of the hair is caught in the follicle, but the hair continues to grow. This can cause inflammation, pain, irritation, and infection in some instances. A technical term you might hear your doctor use for one type of ingrown hair-related condition is pseudofolliculitis barbae, which affects some men in the beard area.
Ingrown hairs are commonly linked to “razor bumps” or “shaving bumps” — irritation that occurs after shaving. People with curly hair who shave often, such as African American men who shave their beard area, are particularly at risk for frequent ingrown hairs. Experts estimate that up to 60 percent of African American men who shave have experienced ingrown hairs. But anyone can have an ingrown hair almost anywhere on the body. Chins, legs, armpits, and bikini lines are all places where ingrown hairs frequently occur in women and men.
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Treating ingrown hairs may be the only way to get some relief from the associated pain and aggravation, since most will not
Even in a down economy, women are willing to spend tens of thousands of dollars to conquer their arch-nemesis: cellulite. Cellulite tips and remedies constitute a booming multimillion-dollar business catered to the nearly 90 percent of women who are afflicted by the classic “orange peel” or “grape bunch” texture on their hips, legs, or buttocks. But weeding out the truth between the beauty tips and overhyped cellulite treatments can be a challenge.
The classic appearance of cellulite is caused by changes in fat cells that live in between collagen fibers – the latticework of your skin. Fat cells rupture and sag between collagen supports, causing that distinctive dimpling effect.
One known reason that women get cellulite is genetics – it’s essentially written into your genes. But beyond genetics, understanding why some women get it more than others is a challenge. “Speculation ranges on a wide set of issues including inflammation and edema fluid,” says dermatologist David McDaniel, MD, an assistant professor of clinical dermatology at Eastern Virginia Medical School and founder of McDaniel
In recent times, there has been drastic increase in online vendors dealing in research chemicals, so it is important for us to know how to know the difference between genuine and fraudulent vendors. One of the research chemical launched in the chemical industry is AMT (Alpha Methyltryptamine). This chemical has been in the market for some time now and it has been able to garner considerable amount of publicity. If you desire to buy AMT, then it is advisable to attain complete information about it. It must also be pointed out that it is ONLY for sale in the UK ONLY.
Experts also call AMT as metryptamine. It is a pentactogen drug, which comes in the category of tryptamine and psychedelic stimulant. Initially, it came into existence as antidepressants. It had some side effects, but after the removal of these problems, it came again in the market during the 90s.
When preparing your research project you must first list the things you may require for the experiment and get them beforehand. Once you get all the essential things for conducting research, then you can look into buying Alpha Methyltryptamine. Keep in mind that in the absence of all the necessary ingredients, you
You already know that your skin — like the rest of your body — benefits from the work of antioxidants: They help fight free radicals, unstable compounds that attack cells and cause wrinkles, dull skin, and even skin cancer. But with so many on the market, how do you know which antioxidants work the hardest to help your skin stay smooth and young? The good news is, there’s no reason to limit yourself to just one.
“Most antioxidants have a primary mechanism of action but mayhave multiple functions,” says Jennifer Linder, MD, an assistant clinicalprofessor of dermatology at the University of California at San Francisco.“Because of these varying functions, it’s good to have a combination ofantioxidants in your regimen.” Read on to find out which antioxidants you can’tgo wrong with.
What it is: Green tea extracts are derived from the Camelliasinensis plant; you may also want to drink tea brewed from the plant for internal benefits. Green tea contains a number of powerful polyphenols, one of which — epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)— it contains in large quantities.
Whether you’re fighting with frizz, trying to pump up limp locks, or doing battle with the weather, having a hair meltdown may affect more than just your appearance. “Bad hair” can have profound effects on your mental well-being, causing both women and men to lose self-esteem, become more socially insecure, and even doubt their own abilities, researchers at Yale University found in one study.
The study, commissioned by Proctor and Gamble, found that people may actually perform below their abilities when they believe their hair is not up to snuff. The researchers reported that even the thought of a bad hair day made women andmen believe they weren’t as smart as others. Socially, women reported feeling embarrassed, ashamed, and self-conscious during bad hair days while men said they felt more nervous and less self-confident.
“There is a strong correlation between what we see in the mirror and how we feel about ourselves,” says Amy L. Flowers, PhD, a psychologist with expertise in self-esteem and body image and with a practice in Macon, Ga. “Thomas Cash, a famous researcher in body image, states that up to 25 percent of our self-esteem is determined by how we feel about our bodies — you
If you haven’t been protecting your skin, it can start to give away clues about your age. Fine lines and wrinkles begin to appear, along with brown spots and rough skin patches caused by sun exposure. Your skin might be producing less collagen, and dead skin cells don’t flake off imperceptibly anymore. If this sounds like your skin, it’s time to turn to anti-aging products and treatments to slow down, reduce, or even reverse the signs of agingand regain younger-looking skin.
Any skin that’s been regularly exposed to the elements can be expected to show its age and needs special care to maintain its youthful look, says Sonia Badreshia-Bansal, MD, CEO and medical director of Elite MD, Inc. Advanced Dermatology, Laser, and Plastic Surgery Institute in Danville, Calif.
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At-home and doctor’s office procedures can have a visible impact on your complexion, giving you back younger-looking skin.
Protect your skin. The first rule of thumb: Prevent the damage. “The best thing to do to protect
Mineral makeup has become popular for many reasons: It’s eco-friendly, looks good, and feels light on the face. And because TV infomercials and the celebrities who use and recommend it, mineral makeup has gotten a lot of media attention.
“Mineral makeup has been around for 30 years or more, but has recently regained popularity in the cosmetics industry,” says Scott Gerrish, MD, of Gerrish and Associates, PC, a nonsurgical skin care specialist with offices in Virginia and Maryland. “Mineral makeup was originally used by plastic surgeons and dermatologists on patients after cosmetic procedures to cover the redness and soreness.”
Is mineral makeup right for you? Read on to find out.
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Mineral makeup is made from pure, crushed minerals and will not cake on the skin: It allows the skin to breathe and gives you a lighter, more natural look than traditional makeup. “Mineral makeup comes in powdered, pressed, and liquid forms and has beneficial properties
Want to save $1,000? Instead of an expensive trip to your local med-spa, salon, ordermatologist for a glycolic-acid peel, give yourself one in the privacy of your own home, at a fraction of the cost. Keep in mind, however, what may work for some may not work for you. At-home peels may have negative consequences — proceed with caution. A skin professional’s input is recommended.
Glycolic peels have a cumulative effect, and it is recommended that you have six to eight treatments every one to two weeks. The average cost of a peel outside the home in 2008 was about $120 per treatment, depending on the percentage of glycolic acid used.
However, products are available for home use at the same strengths used by the professionals. Read on to find out how glycolic acids work, what to look for in a glycolic-acid peel, and how to use a peel safely and effectively.
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A glycolic-acid peel disrupts the “glue” between skin
As you search for the right anti-aging product, you’ll come across countless creams, lotions, serums, and cleansers that promise to improve the appearance ofaging skin. Shopping for anti-aging products can be overwhelming, but having an idea of how different ingredients work can help narrow your choices. Keep in mind that most just make your skin look more moist, lessening the appearance of aging skin; some can actually affect the skin and lessen the damage; and a few protect against further damage.
The Beauty Shopper’s List for Anti-Aging Ingredients
These are some of the most common skin care ingredients intended to improve the appearance of aging skin:
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). AHAs can help your skin appear more fresh and youthful by reducing the signs of sun damage, exfoliating the dead outer layers of your skin, and helping your skin retain moisture. Glycolic acids are a popular AHA.
Ammonium lactate. If your skin is dry and flaky, ammonium lactate can help keep it moist and remove dead skin cells.
Antioxidants. Products that contain antioxidants, such as vitamins E and C and coenzyme Q10, can repair aging skin, and may even help protect itfrom further sun damage and the effects of free radicals, molecules that irritate your
Who wouldn’t want beautiful nails that last for weeks? For many women, that’s the lure of gel manicures, which use a special polish formulation that produces a glossy, nearly indestructible finish. But dermatologists and other experts are concerned about one aspect of these popular manicures — the ultraviolet (UV) exposure it takes to produce those great results.
Gel manicures are applied in layers, with each layer “cured” or dried under a UV light finish (the same type of light used in tanning beds) for up to 10 minutes. Sunlight is a natural source of UV rays, which can damage skin cells and lead to premature aging and wrinkling — and cause skin cancer. Besides gel manicures, salons use UV lamps to dry traditional nail polish and set acrylic nails.
There’s not much research out there on the risks of UV nail lamps. But a 2009 case study published in the Archives of Dermatology reported on two women who developed non-melanoma skin cancer on their hands. Neither woman had a personal or family history of skin cancer, but one had been exposed to UV lights in a nail salon twice a month for 15 years. The second woman used UV nail lights eight
Dry skin doesn’t just feel rough to the touch: When it affects your complexion, makeup can look blotchy, drawing even more attention to your less-than-supple skin. The good news is that you don’t need to head to the dermatologist or get a prescription to heal your dry skin — there are a number of natural remedy options that you can add to your skin care routine at home. In fact, the ingredients for these dry skin remedies might already be in your kitchen.
Why a Natural Dry Skin Remedy May Be Better
With the countless rows of jars, bottles, and tubes of lotions, creams, and fancy moisturizers, can a natural remedy really be a better choice? The answer is yes, says Christine Lopez, MD, a dermatologist and assistant program director in the department of dermatology at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio.
Natural oils and remedies tend to be pure, says Dr. Lopez, which makes them a better choice for many people. “Other over-the-counter products have a ton of ingredients in them,” adds Lopez. “Not only will they contain the active moisturizing products, but they can also have preservatives,” That’s a given with water-based products. Alcohol and fragrances are other common ingredients in
You don’t have to pay spa prices to get beautiful eyebrows. Helga Surratt, President of About Faces Day Spa & Salon, in Baltimore, MD, and Pam Messy, of Mary Kay Cosmetics, offer eyebrow shaping tips to help you look your best.
Before you get started with hair removal, consider what you want your eyebrows to look like and what shape best suits your face, says Surratt. She offers this advice regarding eyebrow shaping.
For small eyes: Make your brows a little thicker by building them up just a bit on the top.
For deep-set eyes: Enlarge the space between the eyes and brows.
For close-set eyes: Widen the space between the brows a little by plucking, and extend the ends of the brows with an eyebrow pencil.
For wide-set eyes: Do not extend the eyebrows out at the ends; instead, pencil them in a little closer to the nose.
Brush your eyebrows up and snip the longest hairs beyond the natural arch using sharp, tiny nail scissors, taking care not to take off too much at the outer corners. Brush brows down and
At salons around the country, nails are big business. But beneath the polish, your digits can be a window into your overall health. “Many health conditions are very visible in the nails,” says John Knox, MD, of Swedish Medical Center in Seattle. They’re a unique indicator because of their partial transparency. Nails can even tell you how long you’ve been ill, since fingernails need six months to grow, and toenails a full year. Knox points out that even nail-biting can be an indicator of mental health. “Patients who are more anxious or obsessive compulsive do tend to bite their nails more frequently,” says Dr. Knox.
A wide variety of diseases can be detected by looking at changes your nails. Lung disease and lymphedema can cause yellow discoloration, while psoriasis can look like fungus. Bands, or lines in multiple fingernails, as well as changes in color, can also indicate illness. Paying attention to your nail health is important, but Knox also notes that some nail issues have simple explanations: “Poor nutrition will cause brittle nails, but so will aging, excessive washing, and a variety of different things.”
Walk through any drugstore or department store aisle, and you’ll see dozens of skin cream options that promise to erase wrinkles, eliminate dryness, and bring back that youthful glow. Some creams are highly specialized, while others focus on treating a specific issue.
Most skin creams with a rich texture will soothe dryness, but there are many that say they can reverse the signs of aging — and that’s where you need to be careful. Fortunately, some skin creams do what they promise and deliver that healthy, youthful glow everyone wants.
But with so many to choose from, how do you know that you’re picking the best cream for your needs? Before you start shopping, learn more about the ingredients that you should be looking for on the labels.
Common Skin Cream Ingredients
Retin-A and Renova. Some of the more popular beauty-counter skin creams include an ingredient called retinol, a form of Vitamin A. However, the only form of Vitamin A that has been proven to be effective as an anti-wrinkle agent is called tretinoin, and it’s only available as a prescription. It comes in two formulas: Retin-A andRenova.Scott Gerrish, MD, founder and CEO of Gerrish & Associates, PC, describes collagen as “the skin fibers
Do you live in Portland, Ore.? Lucky you. Live in Vegas? Bummer.
In terms of skin in the game, where you live has a big impact on your skin health. Just in time for the summer, beauty and skin care Web site Daily Glow released alist of the best and worst American cities for your skin.
“Skin health is a combination of environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors,” says Daily Glow skin and beauty expert Jessica Wu, MD. “It’s important for Americans to understand that it is never too late to protect their skin and reverse sun damage – and that even the smallest changes have the power to save and protect their skin for years to come.”
If your town isn’t ranked, here are some of the key factors in your environment that are affecting your skin’s health.
UV exposure: Sunshine year-round might sound like tons of fun, but it can also harm your skin. UV radiation is the main factor responsible for skin cancer, as well as sunburns and premature aging. Some of the most highly ranked cities have long winters and plenty of cloudy protection. Of course, weather isn’t the only factor. For example, cities in higher elevations tend to have more exposure
If you have acne, you’re among more than 70 million people in the United States who have suffered from this skin condition at some time in their lives. It is so common that acne affects about 80 percent of Americans 20 to 30 years old. During the teenage years, acne is more common in boys than in girls, but in adults it’s more common in women.
Despite the fact that it’s so commonplace, there are many misconceptions about acne, says Guy Webster, MD, PhD, a clinical professor of dermatology at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia and founder of the American Acne and Rosacea Society.
Getting to the Root of Acne
Whether you call it acne, pimples, or zits, in order to treat the condition, it’s important to understand the causes:
Clogged pores and bacteria: In your teens, the glands in the skin begin secreting sebum, an oily substance. This normally comes out through the pores, but in some people, sebum clogs up in the pores, allowing a bacterium, called P. acnes, to begin to grow.
Hormones: In your teen years, hormones start changing and affecting your body, including causing acne. This also happens during pregnancy, which explains why
This is true, the researchers discovered, even though tanning salon customers typical pay the tax themselves, rather than the salon owners absorbing the extra fee.
“When the tax first went into effect, many tanning salon owners said they would pay it themselves rather than pass it onto customers,” said study author Dr. June Robinson, a research professor of dermatology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago.
She and her colleagues surveyed 308 Illinois tanning salons to assess the effect of the new tax. “The surprise is that almost none did this [absorb the cost],” she said. Instead, the salons are passing the tax on to customers. What’s more, they found the customers don’t seem to mind.
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The study is published in the January issue of the Archives of Dermatology.
Among Robinson’s findings:
Eighty percent of the salons collect the extra 10 percent from customers through pricing, rather than absorb it.
About the same number of customers come to the salons now
Be on a hot bath boycott.
In certain parts of the country, it’s chillingly cold. And it is precisely those cold temperatures that may lead many to a huge dry skin culprit:hot, long, baths. “Hot showers strip away your body’s natural oils,” says Dr. Day, leaving your skin dry and tight. Instead Dr. Day recommends taking not-so-hot showers, and then patting dry rubbing totally dry after so your body is a bit damp. “It’s about water retention,” says Dr. Day.
Still using summer products? Aint gonna cut it.
Using a rich cream instead of a lotion will make a huge difference in your skin,” says Dr Day, as lotions are thinner and not as emollient as their thicker cream counterparts. Instead, Dr. Day suggests switching out your light warm weather lotion for a richer, more penetrating cream.
Don’t worry about wrinkles.
“Women often see an exaggeration of wrinkles in the winter,” says Dr. Ciraldo, “because of skins dryness.” So if you look in the mirror and see more fine lines around your eyes and mouth, don’t add more stress to your sensitive skin by freaking out. It is most likely a temporary thing. Instead, defend yourself with a hydrating night cream and
Dead skin cells often need a little help to slough off. A skin exfoliant with ingredients like an alpha hydroxy acid or a beta hydroxy acid can leave you looking fresh and feeling smooth again.
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Our skin is constantly renewing itself, growing new skin cells to replace the surface skin cells that grow old, die, and fall, or slough, off. Every minute of every day, between 30,000 and 40,000 dead skin cells flake away.
Factors like age and dry skin can mean that dead skin cells don’t fall away as easily as they should. When these cells build up, they can make the complexion look rough and pasty and can also contribute to the clogged pores that lead to adult acne. The regular yet careful use of a skin exfoliant can help slough off dead skin cells and uncover fresh, more youthful skin.
There are two main types of skin exfoliants: mechanical exfoliants and chemical exfoliants. Both are commonly available, and both have pros and cons regarding their use and the types of skin conditions for which they are most appropriate.